What is Mantra
Mantras area sacred utterance (syllable, word, or verse) that is considered to possess mystical or spiritual efficacy.The word mantra is derived from two Sanskrit roots; manas meaning ‘mind’ and tra meaning ‘tool’. As such, mantras are considered to be “tools of thought,” used as a means of harnessing and focusing the mind.Mantras are Sanskrit invocations of the Divine.
Sanskrit is also known as Devanagari, or the language of the Gods. Sanskrit is not a foreign Indian language but an ancient universal language. The 50 letters of Sanskrit alphabet are based on the pure vibrations of our chakras.
By using the mantras, we create a certain pure vibration in our astral body and mind, and we purify ourselves of all of our impurities and negativities. It is like washing the mind with soap made of sound.
Benefit of Chanting Mantra
There are several types of benefits that are derived from the chanting of a Mantra. They are:
Mantra japa is a practice of repetitively uttering the same mantra for an auspicious number of times, the most popular being 108, and sometimes just 5, 10, 28 or 1008. Japa is found in personal prayer or meditative efforts of some Hindus, as well during formal puja (group prayers). Japa is assisted by malas (bead necklaces) containing 108 beads and a head bead. The devotee using his/her fingers to count each bead as he/she repeats the chosen mantra. Having reached 108 repetitions, if he/she wishes to continue another cycle of mantras, the devotee turns the mala around without crossing the head bead and repeats the cycle. Japa-yajna is claimed to be most effective if the mantra is repeated silently in mind (manasah).
The auspicious mantras for japa at sunrise and sunset; it is claimed to purify the mind and spirit.
Type of Mantra
Mantras were one of the earliest components of yoga and are quite possibly the first type of meditation that was developed. There are three main types of mantras, Bija (seed), Saguna (with form), and Nirguna (without form).
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